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What Is Hair Loss ?

What Is Hair Loss ?

Hair loss (alopecia) is a fairly ordinary occurrence. While it’s more common in older adults, anyone can experience it, including children. It can influence not just your scalp but your entire body, and it can be provisional or lasting. It can be the result of heredity, hormonal alterations, medical circumstances or a normal part of ageing.

Baldness generally implies outrageous hair loss from your scalp. Genetic hair loss with age is the most widespread reason for baldness. Some people prefer to let their hair losss run its course untreated and unhidden, While others may cover it up with hairstyles, makeup, hats or scarves. And some choose one of the treatments available to prevent further hair loss or restore growth. It’s typical to lose between 50 and 100 hairs a day, with about 100,000 hairs on your head, that small loss isn’t conspicuous. New hair generally rehabilitates the lost hair, but this might not happen.

Hair loss can develop gradually over years or happen unexpectedly. Depending on the underlying cause, it may be temporary or permanent.

Causes Of Hair Loss

A variety of factors — from illness to impoverished nutrition to hormonal inequalities to major stress — can contribute to hair loss. If you're encountering thinning hair or baldness, you need to know the root cause of the problem to deduce the best solution. Sometimes hair loss is a side effect of a health problem that needs to be dealt with and will remedy itself when the health problem is appropriately treated. When hair loss is due to a disorder involving the hair itself, as in the case of alopecia, the hair loss can be permanent.


Either an underactive thyroid (a medical condition called hypothyroidism) or an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) can result in hair loss because each condition causes hormonal imbalances. Hormones help to regulate nearly every function in the body, including hair growth. Getting the right treatment to control either of these conditions will get hormones under control, avoid hair loss, and authorize your hair to start growing back.


Other hormonal imbalances can also lead to hair loss, especially the wildly fluctuating hormones that occur after pregnancy and childbirth. It takes some time after pregnancy for hormone levels to return to normal, so it's not at all extraordinary for post-partum moms to face thinning hair or even patches of baldness. This frequently occurs about three months after the baby’s appearance. Don't worry — as the rest of your body recovers, so will your hair follicles. The hair loss is only provisional — your hair will grow back.


Hair loss is a side effect of several medicines taken for common health problems. Blood-thinning medications, oral contraceptives, drugs for depression, NSAIDs, and beta and calcium channel blockers can all lead to thinning hair or baldness. Too much vitamin A and vitamin A-based drugs called retinoids can result in hair loss as well. Some chemotherapy drugs used to treat cancer are known to cause total hair loss as they work to eradicate cancer cells. Just as hair generally grows back after chemo, it might also grow back once you stop taking the medication that might be causing hair loss.

Physical trauma

When your body is under significant physical tension, the biological cycle of hair growth and resting can be disrupted, resulting in hair loss, commonly in the form of thinning hair. Any effect to the system, such as being in a drastic accident, undergoing surgery, experiencing burns, or becoming very ill, can also shock the hair follicles, resulting in up to 75% hair fall, sometimes months after the incidence.

Emotional Stress

When you're handling a life-changing situation, like a divorce or break-up, bankruptcy or other financial difficulties, the damage of a home, or the demise of a loved one, significant emotions can also disrupt the normal cycle of hair growth. Significant emotional stressors can cause temporary hair loss, but once the stress is brought under control, normal hair growth is usually replenished.

Diet Deficiencies

The essential vitamins and nutrients, like protein, that you get from a healthy, varied, and well-balanced diet ensure adequate health throughout your body, making sure all your organs and internal systems are acting just as they should. Poor nutrition or following a severely restrictive crash or bad diet can lead to all kinds of nutrient deficiencies, which in turn can result in hair loss, from thinning hair to patches of baldness.


Several infections and illnesses can drive hair loss. An infection which causes a high fever, a fungal skin disease, and bacterial illnesses like syphilis can all be accountable for balding or thinning hair. Dealing with the underlying infection can restore hair growth and prevent future hair loss. So your first step is to yearn medical attention for the primary health problem.