With experience and advancements in hair transplantation methods, it is now possible to successfully perform follicular unit (FU) transplantation in the facial zone. Beard and moustache transplant procedures have grown in popularity in recent years as a way to enhance one's demeanour and highlight manly features with natural results.
Male hormones normally stimulate beard hair growth around puberty. In addition to a strong genetic basis, the hair follicles of the beard emit terminal hairs (thick hair) as a result of the actions of the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
According to some studies, men with unshaven beards are viewed as older, more masculine, and more doubtful and aggressive, and they attract more positive female attitudes than men with clean-shaven faces.
Patients with limited hair and gaps in the beard are the most likely candidates for transplantation.
During the evaluation, a design is created that involves the areas to be grafted, as well as the surface area and number of FUs needed. The facial region of the beard can be anatomically divided into different zones to evaluate where the FUs will be placed.
A second or third procedure may be required to meet the patient's expectations. The recipient area must be in good shape. Pre-operative treatment is used to correct any abnormalities in the skin, such as infection, inflammation, active acne, and so on. Topical minoxidil-based products in the recipient area should be withdrawn, and the patient should be in good health. The overall result of the graft growth is seen after 10-14 months, taking into account graft shedding in the post-operative period and regrowth after 3-4 months.