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Tinea Capitis vs. Alopecia Areata

Tinea Capitis vs. Alopecia Areata

Every human being wants to look good from head to toes. But when it comes to hair, we become so serious, as it's that part of our body which is recognized by everybody and we cannot take any risk to keep it at any risk. Its proper care and maintenance are very important. But if we look at the weather conditions today and the lifestyle that people are living, has affected the health of human beings, and that would be either hair issues, eye issues, or any other issue because these we not hidden anymore.

Let's talk about the different types of hair issues-

If we are not looking after our hair properly, then we have to face any of the following issues. 10 common hair problems are-

Dandruff, Hair loss

Split ends, Frizzy hair

Damaged hair, Premature graying

Greasy hair, Dry hair

Hair breakage, Hair thinning

Hair breakage, Hair thinning

The most common reasons behind hair loss are genetic conditions, hereditary factors, or gradual aging. In some individuals, the hair follicles are sensitive to excessive secretion of certain male hormones in the body causing a balding or receding hairline in men and considerable thinning of hair in females.

There are 4 major problems related to hair-

ALOPECIA AREATA

It's a sudden hair loss that starts with one or more circular bald patches that may overlap. Alopecia areata occurs when the immune system attacks hair follicles and may be brought on by severe stress. The main symptom is hair loss. Treatment may address any underlying conditions and includes topical scalp medication.

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease. This means that your immune system has mistakenly attacked a part of your body. If someone has Alopecia areata, then the cells in the immune system surround and attack the hair follicles 9 the part of the body that makes hair). Many mild cases of Alopecia areata are resolved without treatment, although the condition often reappears over a patient's lifetime. Traditional treatments for alopecia areata include steroid injections to the areas where the hair has been shed. The steroid suppresses the immune system cells, so hair can regrow.

TRICHOTILLOMANIA

A disorder that involves recurrent, irresistible urges to pull out body hair. The urge involves pulling out hair from the scalp, eyebrows, and other areas of the body. Symptoms include compulsive hair pulling and hair loss such as bald patches on the scalp. Social and work functioning may be affected. Treatment options include counseling and medication such as antidepressants. A person may pull out the hair on their head in other places such as their eyebrows and eyelashes. This disease is more common in teenagers and young adults.

TRACTION ALOPECIA

A type of hair loss disease that's caused by repeatedly pulling on the hair. One can develop this condition if the person often wears their hair tight like a ponytail, bun, or braids, especially if you use chemicals or heat your hair. Traction alopecia can be reversed if you stop your hair back.

TINEA CAPITIS

Ringworm of the scalp is a rash caused by a fungal infection. It usually causes itchy, scaly, bald patches on the head. It's named ringworm because of its shape which has a circular appearance. No worm is involved. Ringworm of the scalp is a contagious infection. It's a fungal infection of the scalp involving both the skin and hair. It is also known as scalp ringworm. Symptoms of Tinea Capitis include hair loss, dry scaly areas, redness, and itching. Tinea barbae is essentially the same condition involving the bread area.

TINEA CAPITIS vs. ALOPECIA AREATA

In alopecia areata, the lesion is round and smooth, whereas in Tinea Capitis, the skin can look slightly scaly and erythematous, and there may be occipital adenopathy

Tinea Capitis is a fungal infection of the scalp, involving both the skin and hair. It is also known as scalp ringworm. Symptoms of Tinea Capitis include hair loss, dry scaly area, itch, and redness. Tinea Capitis has a good prognosis with treatment. However, those who remain untreated, are at risk for the Kerion. The fungi can shed spores for many months, leading to a lack of medication compliance.

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease in which the immune anybody’s immune system mistakenly attacked a part of the body. There is currently no cure for alopecia areata, although there are some forms of treatment that can be suggested by doctors to help their re-grow more quickly. The most common form of alopecia areata treatment is the use of Corticosteroids, powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that can suppress the immune system. This is an autoimmune disease that can be triggered by stress and result in hair loss. Hair may be lost in round patches on the scalp, or across the entire- scale.

CONCLUSION:

So, after all the discussion and looking at all the aspects of hair problems and damage, we are now at the phase to look for a conclusion, and they are-

    1. Comb and Brush your hair properly whenever you do it.

    2. Avoid not using conditioners because conditioners make the hair soft, frizz-free, and smooth. Use conditions after every shampoo.

    3. Don’t wash your hair by rubbing shampoo on the hair length because it wouldn’t proper nourishment to the hair. Gently massage shampoo into your scalp. Always remember that when you rinse the shampoo from your scalp, let the shampoo flow through the length of your hair and resist the temptation to rub it into your hair.

    4. If you are a regular swimmer, always use a swim cap and immediately rinse your hair after swimming. Use only formulated shampoos that are specially made for the swimmers and follow them with deep conditioners.

    5. Never brush or comb your hair when it’s wet. Because it weakens the roots of the hair and can cause hair fall. Let your hair dry by itself before you gently comb your hair. Always use a wide-tooth comb (if you have straight hair). When the hair is damp, then comb it with a wide-tooth comb (if you have curly hair).

    6. Using a blow dryer, hot comb, or curling iron should be avoided. Try to make changes that will prevent your hair from being damaged-

      I. Let your hair dry by itself whether it takes too much time.

      II. Try to use these tools less frequently, use them once a week or even less than it.

    7. Don’t use hair styling products that offer long-lasting hold.

    8. Pulling your hair back tightly, such as in a ponytail, bun or cornrows should be avoided. It’s not good for the health of hair. Try to use different hairstyles that do not make pressure on your hair that pulls it.

    9. Switch hairstyles, so you don’t always wear a weave or hair extensions. Or if you wear weave or hair extensions, then keep up your scalp hygiene.

    10. Use conditioner after every shampoo. When in the sun, protect your hair by putting on a wide-brimmed hat. You can also use a leave-in conditioner containing zinc oxide.

    11. Avoid brushing or combing your hair 100 times a day. It’s a myth. Tug your hair only when needed or tug it very lightly. Gently remove tangles and if it is very necessary then use a moisturizing conditioner.